Chicago, a General Idea and Outline About Parking

Chicago is full of world-famous attractions worth every penny and you need not break your bank to enjoy a series of affordable and wonderful experiences. Chicago offers abundant free things to do such as free festivals, free concerts and events throughout the year, besides discount deals on sightseeing, guided tours around neighborhoods, half price to theater show tickets and much more. Here are free and cheap ways to enjoy the best of your visit.

Three amazing Chicago favorites are always free and open. Animal lovers head to Lincoln Park Zoo, ZooLights illuminates in winters displaying lights, and there are crafts, rides and activities for all ages. The Millennium Park has eye-catching art pieces, the summer include free music outdoor concerts, workouts and film screenings. There are plenty of eateries, shops, amusement rides, attractions and gardens. There is no cost to enter and the neighborhood of Chicago is also worth exploring.

Visit Chicago with a guided walk to the neighborhood and give your taste buds a chance to enjoy ethnic fare, grab a Puerto Rican jibarito sandwich or salsa and taco chips. These are low-cost delights for sampling.

Chicago parking

As with all big cities, parking in Chicago is bothersome. You have to keep looking out for new signs of parking that is available on your phone through Android app and iPhone.

There is an app ParkChicago that permits drivers to pay through the iPhone and Android app for parking meters. Avoid waiting in line to add time or print a ticket, thus save the day time.

Parking by using an app is a very new concept, but ParkChicago app aims at making the process painless and easy as possible. It is simple, the basic steps are:

· Download ‘ParkChicago’ in the App store or from the Google Play store and create an account, create a profile.

· Add funds at least $20 in the account. Pay your parking and the amount will be deducted from the account. Once your account runs below $10, automatically ParkChicago replenishes the account to ensure you have sufficient amount to pay parking fees.

· Once you park in this zone, a 6-digit zone number is given with the length to stay and a license plate. The best part is you can reopen the app and extend your time to the length you need.

· If you are looking for garages in Chicago parking app, check out on SpotHero app. You can create an account even if you do not have one. There is no need for you to have a smartphone or a compulsion to buy a new gadget smartphone to download this app.

7 Fuel Saving Ideas

We all love to complain about the price of fuel, and few of us understand the mysteries around the seemingly random increases and decreases in costs at the pump. There are things we can all do to improve our gas mileage, however, whether we drive a brand new car or an old beater. Take a look at these fuel saving tips and put some extra money in your pocket.

Tire Pressures

Get used to checking your tire pressures regularly, at least once a week. Under-inflated tires cause excessive rolling resistance which results in burning more fuel. Conversely, the right tire pressures will reduce rolling resistance and therefore use less fuel.

How heavy is your load?

It makes sense that if your vehicle is loaded down with stuff your car is going to have to work harder in order to run, which means that it will take more gas to operate. Obviously there will be times when this cannot be avoided. But there may be an accumulation of stuff in your car that doesn’t really need to be there all the time, such as sporting equipment or tire chains. Lighten your load as often as possible and enjoy the perks of fuel saving.

Watch your lead foot

If you are one of those drivers who like to punch the accelerator to make quick manoeuvres, you are likely not going to enjoy any fuel saving. Try to maintain a more consistent speed, and even use cruise control when highway driving. These tips will help you to consume less fuel and may even have you arriving at your destination in a much calmer state!

It’s all about smooth

There’s a reason why jets are smooth and curved on the outside. They are specifically designed so that the air slides on by, rather than creating resistance to air flow. The same principle applies to your vehicle. If you have piled luggage on the roof and opened all your windows, the air can get “caught” and pull on your vehicle, slowing it down and causing it to work much harder to keep a steady pace. Once again, anything that works against efficiency will reduce your fuel saving.

Plan your trips carefully

Did you know that a cold car burns more fuel? Consider doing all of your errands in one trip rather than taking several trips from a cold start. A warm vehicle provides significant fuel saving over a cold one.

Premium versus regular fuel

Many people are under the impression that buying premium fuel improves their fuel saving. This is actually not true. Some studies have indicated that only about 6% of all vehicles on the road actually require premium fuel. If your car’s manufacturer isn’t recommending premium fuel then you are wasting your money!

Schedule regular maintenance

Having your vehicle serviced and maintained can help to support your fuel saving plan. Even small things, such as under-inflated tires, poor quality oil or corroded battery cables can cause your car to work too hard and end up costing you money.

Aviation Lessons in Automation and Their Application in Autonomous Cars

In my day job, I am a First Officer on private jets. I am a professional pilot who flies all over the country to take the affluent where they need to go. One day I was flying into Baltimore Washington International Airport (BWI) to pick up another airplane so, as a crew, we could fly our customer to his home. The aircraft had been on the ground for about a week and a half. It didn’t make sense to keep us on-site for a week (and pay hotel, rental car, and meal expenses) so we flew home. I flew home back that morning and planned to meet my Captain at the jet, located at one of the satellite airports to BWI. I grabbed an Uber from BWI to the smaller airport and along the way my driver and I listened to the news. This day coincided with reports of yet another Tesla autopilot malfunction, pointing to the possibility of a recall of their automated systems. My Uber driver began asking about autopilot systems (since he knew I was a jet pilot) and it started me thinking.

The Aviation Industry has been dealing with the onset of automation for over 30 years. As computers and technology have become more advanced, smaller, and smarter, the level of automation has also increased. Today, modern airliners and private jets can literally takeoff and land by themselves, with as little as only weight and course information input by the pilot. However, the onset of automation also breeds an innate desire to trust the computer and disengage. The aviation industry took note of this early, and instruction in autopilot systems and knowledge has become a key part of any advanced pilot training program.

Automation was introduced into cockpits after the Korean War. One of the early tests involved a new system known as an “inertial navigation system” that was able to fly the airplane to a destination based on nothing more than measuring its inertia. In these early days, the pilot still manipulated the flight controls, but responded to a computer input that “dead reckoned” the position of the aircraft based solely on its movement. In the 1980s, computer systems and the advent of computer-controllable servos lead to the introduction of autopilot systems in aircraft. During the ensuing auto-pilot technology revolution, and the additional coupling of GPS to these systems, aircraft automation became more and more capable — but not without accidents.

The most infamous accident involving automation, and the most important one taught to new pilots, is the crash of Air France Flight 447 in 2009. For those outside of aviation, this crash involved an Airbus A330 en route from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil to Paris, France. The aircraft entered a stall condition at cruise altitude (about 30- 40,000 feet) and began a descent into the ocean. The data computer was recovered years later and the resulting investigation revealed important information. The first revelation indicated the autopilot was, in fact, engaged at the time. This is a normal practice, but the pitot tubes, the devices used to give airspeed, had become clogged and were no longer giving accurate airspeed readouts. Because of this, the automation went from its normal operating logic to what is called “alternate law” logic. For the purposes of brevity, the ultimate cause of the crash revealed the pilots did not recognize the inconsistencies in their airspeed, did not understand the autopilot logic, and did not continue to monitor their aircraft while the autopilot was engaged.

I believe that as the world begins to face automated cars for the first time, there are many lessons-learned that should be studied from aviation, and especially the crash of Flight 447. The lessons the aviation industry has learned came at the cost of human life. Everything from the mentality instilled in pilots, to the knowledge requirements, and the ability to manipulate the automated system should begin to make the shift into everyday life and into the basics of driver’s education classes around the world.

It seems to be a common misconception that pilots are not paying attention to the autopilot once it is engaged. The truth is pilots are now taught to “fly the autopilot” and to have the mentality, as the pilot, that you are not a passenger. Flying the autopilot is a simple concept that forces the pilot to verify all actions the autopilot is making. For example, if air traffic control tells the pilot to climb to 10,000 feet, we input 10,000 feet into the autopilot and tell it to climb to altitude. We monitor the system to make sure it “captures” that altitude as we are approaching and begins its level-off. If it doesn’t, the pilot has several options including disengaging the autopilot completely and manually flying the plane to the required altitude. Even in the cruise setting the pilot must remain vigilant. Human error can occur while putting in the flight plan and air traffic control can re-route in mid-air. It is not uncommon to “fat-finger” the name of a navigation point, especially in turbulence. The “garbage-in, garbage-out” saying of computer programming is very much a factor; the computer is only as smart as the information it receives. So, as pilots, we need to ensure the computer is flying the aircraft to its intended destination from start to finish.

Another major part of pilot training is the ability of the pilot to understand how the automated system thinks. For example, how does it capture altitude? What will it do if it fails to capture the altitude? What changes can be made to the system if it doesn’t capture the altitude, short of shutting off the autopilot and going manual? In the case of Flight 447, the automation system shut off the stall warning horn because it had unreliable airspeed information. This caused the pilots to apply an incorrect recovery action because they didn’t know the system logic. Today, flight training with these systems covers the programming and logic of the automated system based on what flight mode it is in. Pilots are expected to understand this system as well as all systems, such as the engine or electrical system in order to troubleshoot in real-time.

Combining actively flying the autopilot and understanding the autopilot logic, pilots are able to manipulate the system to effectively fly the aircraft, under automation, to its destination. Although systems are smart enough to be “push button, go flying” this is often not the case. Pilots use a combination of several different modes in order to accomplish the flight, ranging from full automation to a semi-automated state that still requires pilot input. Indeed, for the entire flight the pilot is actively engaged and checking what the autopilot is doing.

Automation is used in Aviation as a tool to free up brain power for other tasks. It is not a license to disengage from the act of operating your machine, but a method to take away basic tasks and to let the pilot work on more important ones. This is the same mentality that needs to be adopted and taught in driver’s education classes moving forward. To help facilitate this, there is a need to move away from the term “Driverless Car” as there is still a very real need for a “driver”. The nature of driving is going to change, especially as driving moves from a mechanical act to a more mental, management act. In aviation, this mindset has proven successful. It has resulted in fewer accidents and better pilots. As the general public begins to engage in automation for the first time, adopting the automation practices of aviation now will result in fewer accidents and better drivers in our future.

Parking Tips And Tricks To Help Ease Your Parking Problems

Cities feature complex spatial structures. The complexity increases with the city size and also is the main reason for disruptions. The transport system efficiency causes congestion in plaguing cities. Thus the main urban problem relates to the parking issue.

Parking problems happen owing to the well-known fact which is lack of space. Illegal parking is a big menace hindering businesses. In this way, customers are incapable of parking vehicles and thus results in heavy congestion. Nevertheless, parking is a serious matter, especially if you are driving your personal vehicle and this is a responsibility as you have to look for parking space.

Here are a few tips that help

· Check if all the doors of your car are locked and also do not forget to switch-off the head lights and the air conditioner. If you keep the headlights on and walk away, the battery is sure to get drained off and on your return starting your car becomes a problem.

· Look for brightly lit areas for parking so that your car is safe. Keep away from narrow lanes. in case you park under a tree, bear in mind the tree must be small and should be able to withstand storm or wind.

· Airport parking is no less than a gamble. if you have to catch a flight and if you are going in a car, all the way your mind is occupied with worry, if there will place to park and above all when you return will the belongings and the care be in the right place.

· Airport parking has everything one may ever expect for. They offer customer service amenities and thus permit any traveler to park and fly peacefully. There are nearby places adjacent to the terminals to park towards the off-site. It is referred to as MDW; you can look for this booking online when you are in a rental car or even on a flight.

· Some services offered include pre-booking online service to log on and assure a parking spot with a mouse click. Airport parking provides essential airport services such as affordable short and long-term parking, luggage assistance, secured lots offering surveillance of 24 hour, free shuttle services, discounted rates and also offers the option to leave your keys behind such that it will be picked up and upon arrival will be driven to you.

· Airport parking usually provides a “Frequent Parker Program” for people using the parking lots regularly. This program offers points to use in future visits. The systems with airport parking program just require ten points to get collected for you to enjoy a parking for free for a complete day. They allow you to bank your points and pay as a single penny for several days.

Get a Safe Ride With Finding The Right Brake Rotors For Your Vehicle

Every person who loves driving will also expect that his or her ride is always free of stress. This is where performance brake rotors gain importance. Every person who drives needs to ensure that the brake rotors used are especially made for his or her vehicle type so that they really do what they are meant to. Listed below are some important points to know about brake rotors.

What exactly are brake rotors?

The foremost aspect to know is that brake kits are the most vital components in braking systems. They are helpful in decreasing speed of vehicles and eventually stopping them completely. This is done via friction wherein brake pads will clamp upon the rotor’s or brake disc’s surface for activating the function of brake system accordingly.

As friction is involved in the process of working for brake drums, generation of heat is accompanied with this. However, it needs to be understood that if the heat generation is high, this might lead to issues with the braking. These issues can be brake fade or other such related problems. This makes it imperative that the brake rotors are chosen with care and only those need to be purchased that are especially made for the make of your vehicle. Remember that if this is not taken care of, then the arising issues may be worse.

Functions and types of brake rotors

Generally, discs or brake rotors are designed especially for dissipating heat based on specific condition and use of braking system that is continuously exposed to it. This makes it mandatory that the correct type of rotor is used for your vehicle. The different types of brake rotors is listed below.

Slotted rotors

Usually, drivers who are used to high performance, always prefer these types of rotors. So drivers involved in racing or towing will usually select such kind of brake rotors as heavy pressure will be put on the brakes by such drivers.

The slotted design is the primary reason why these rotors are chosen by the above mentioned drivers. This design is perfect for providing stopping power of the highest level; it dispels heat, water, debris or gas via its slots.

One aspect however to note here is that though slotted rotors will provide durability, they do possess a tendency of wearing-down brake pads. This is primarily due to the conditions that vehicles used by racers and other such drivers are put through.


Such rotors are designed with drilled holes inside them. These holes aid in releasing gas, debris, water and heat at a quick pace. However, the design also means that the power of stopping vehicles is lesser in comparison to the slotted rotors. This is also due to the fact that the brake pads get a smaller surface area for clamping on.

Additionally, though cross-drilled and slotted rotors can both be useful for using on streets, the former is more economical as with its use, brake pads will not easily wear down. However, the need of drivers will form the base for purchasing the type of rotors.

On a final note

Now that everything related to rotors is explained, the primary thing that readers will be aware of is that these brake rotors are of utmost importance for vehicles. They are those parts that your vehicle must have at any cost. However, in order that you utilize the complete potential of braking systems and also to provide maximum efficiency to brakes, choosing the right brake rotors is necessary. So choose wisely and find the right online store from where you can get discounted brake rotors.